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September 21, 2017 5 min read

Agarwood is an aromatic, resinous portion of the Aquilaria tree. It is non-timber, light texture, and the wood is diffuse-porous. Agarwood beads are precious, lightweight, soft and absorb liquid; they require the best care to maintain their look and aroma.
There are currently two methods of polishing: waxing and sanding.

Photo 1- Wax polished bead and sandpaper-polished bead


The Wax Polishing Method


Agarwood bead makers have been using "The Wax Polishing Method" for Vietnam Agarwood beads making. After shaping and buffing, skilled workers slightly wax to smooth the agarwood bead surface.

This wax layer is super thin that it will not affect the aroma and will be easily worn off since the first time of usage, especially when the weather is hot and humid. You may feel shocked to see the actual natural colour of your beads.
Calm down; it is normal. It is like when you have frizzy hair, got it managed by gel and after being washed, the hair is out of control again. The wax layer will make the beads 1 to 2 tones darker than the actual colour of the bead.


Wax polished beads are sensitive to water and sweat; it is inevitable and ubiquitous. You can blend out water or sweat marks on beads by rubbing the beads against the soft cloth for an instant fix.
If it has too much damage, clean the beads regularly with a soft cloth and wear it daily to form the natural glossy layer. The white marks on the beads are sweat marks developed when you frequently wear your bracelet or 108 mala.

Sweat marks on worn beads

Photo 2- Sweat marks on worn beads

In short, you will find the worn beads losing their darkness after a week or two.
Don't worry; it was the coated wax that "fell" off.

Suppose you keep wearing these beads, whether bracelets or 108 malas; you will find the texture of these beads darker after several months. I have seen many customers having this result.


Sandpaper-polished Method 

Abrasive polishing or sanding is a common practice in Indonesia

Agarwood-bead makers polish these beads with high grit sanding paper at high speed. This action will create heat.

The heat will melt the natural resin from the included phloem and sap in the beads and coat them evenly. The heat also creates a burning effect that will give the beads a beautiful glossy look and nice colour. In addition, when the resin melt, it makes a unique pattern for each bead. For example, see the below sandpaper polished beads.

The colour or pattern of the beads depends on the resin of the Agarwood bead. Beads polished by this method tend to be less sensitive to water and sweat. However, the polished layer is very fragile to sharp/ abrasive items. Long-term wear can help the issues, or you have the beads polished again. The scratches may not be visible for high-quality beads if the wood itself is dark enough to cover.


Photo 3-  Cut beads from resinous Agarwood bead

The Elegance mala 6 mm- Wild Indonesia

Photo 4- Sandpaper polished resinous beads

The Elegance mala 6 mm- Wild Indonesia

Agarwood-bead makers will usually use the polished sandpaper method on Wild Agarwood beads because it looks "cooler" and "one of a kind."

Below is the summary table of the issues that an Agarwood-bead user may encounter:



   Damages  and  recovery


Most of the beads should stay away from water; the less contact time, the better. Due to their porous characteristic, they will absorb the water. If you do not quickly dry them up, and they will crack.

Bead is deformed and damaged permanently.



Sweat can strip off the wax layer on the bead reveal the natural colour of the bead. This is normal

Using a soft cloth to re-polish the water spot and even out the colour of the bead and regain its shine.


Use a soft cloth to re-polish and clean up the beads from sweat residues that may clog the bead and form dirt.

Wear the beads frequently, and they will darken naturally.


This potent substance dissolves the resin, removing the natural oil layer formed on the bead.

Bead is damaged permanently, can be fixed by re-polished however, the original resinous layer has been removed so the colour would not be as similar in some cases.


Alcohol-related products


Fragrances in perfume will be absorbed into the beads and affect the natural aroma.

Same as above

 The beads will have the "perfume" smell. If the perfume is oil-based. The appearance of the beads will have minimum impact. 

The main concern will be the aroma of the beads. It will take many months to get rid of the "perfume" smell.

Oil and oil-based products

Fragrances in lotion/ oil will affect the natural aroma of the beads.


Oil residue will clog on the bead.

Long-term damage on the aroma



Need regular cleaning and polishing with a soft cloth, but as it is absorbed in the bead, there is no way to remove without damages.

Sharp items

The surface will be damaged when the beads are exposed to items that can cause cuts/ abrasions

Buffing may remove permanent damage, light abrasive marks on the top layer but due to the softness of the wood, Agarwood beads can be cut deep into the wood part.


Besides, the weather plays a significant role in affecting Agarwood beads; dry weather can make the unworn beads crack due to unevenly shrinkage, especially newly-created beads. It can be prevented by tightly wrapping the beads or store in a glass box with a small cup of water inside to balance the humidity. In high humid weather, the bead might develop moulds; you can store the bead in a zip bag with a moisture absorber. Those are just some tips to help you maintain the beautiful look of your precious Agarwood beads. 


Agarwood bead maintenance summary

  • Avoid water; normal sweating is OK, but you need to use a dry cloth to clean the beads if you have excessive sweating. Forget about the sinking test if you want to maintain these beads properly. Like it or not, when wood meets water long enough, it will expand and crack sooner or later.


  • Keep body lotion or perfume away. When you wear your beads and apply perfume or lotion on your wrists, agarwood beads will absorb the aroma of your lotion and perfumes and smell like your lotion and perfume. If you don't like your agarwood beads having the lotion or perfume smell, avoid wearing perfume and agarwood beads at the same place.


  • Keep your agarwood beads dry. Store your agarwood bracelet and mala in a zip bag with a moisture absorber when not in use. 


  • Polish your beads. If you want your agarwood beads shiny, use a soft cloth to polish your beads. The more you polish, the shinier it becomes.

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